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An Essay on Revolution
April 8, 2011
*updated April 8, 2012
The Proletariat is Knocking
Seldom has such a profound fabrication been given so much credence as to shape and develop the minds and actions of men a world over. For as long as society has breathed there has existed a long history of class struggles. Ancient times along into the Middle Ages encompassed progressions of societal architecture of which Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx saw as stepping stones to their ideal utopian society. At the time of its writing, the co-penned Manifesto of the Communist Party, better known as the Communist Manifesto, was sponsored in effort to quell growing capitalism in Europe and across the globe. Despite the failure of revolution in 1848, the struggle for violent revolution continues into the modern era with these teachings of which credit is mostly given to Karl Marx. This modern plight for global revolution not only continues but is embraced by those of many different ideologies with varied objectives.
The revolutions of the first half of the nineteenth century came at the heels of the French Revolution and touched nearly all nations of Europe by 1848. The widespread revolutions gained fervor at the violent hands of middle-class liberals and common workers only to be crushed by superior government crackdowns. These revolutions were not completely in vain as reforms were made in the way of voting rights, abolishment of serfdom and the establishment of a parliament in various states. True success would not be able to happen at this point, pleaded Marx, proletariat revolution and the overthrow of capitalism would only come once it had spread globally. Revolution in the eyes of Marx simply stated is the antithesis of the American Revolution in spirit as well as desired outcome.
Marx and Engels viewed the rise of the modern bourgeois in the nineteenth century as the final plateau among a series of progressions of bi-polar struggles in society. Rising from the ashes of one failed class to another; from the transitions of master and slave to patrician and plebian rose the Bourgeois and Proletariat from the time of lords and serfs. The envisioned final advancement of society to them is communism. In section I of the Communist Manifesto, titled Bourgeois and Proletarians, Marx and Engels outlay the foundational rationalization and strategy for achieving their dream. The strategy they outline has been adopted and modified by three major movements that continue to present day by rouge communist nations, social progressives and radical Muslims. There has become a remarkably unlikely alliance of those who seek to fundamentally transform the world.
The half century following the publication of the Manifesto in Europe was in part defined by its remarkable progress in science and industry, a time of such men as Charles Dickens, Humphry Davy and Michael Faraday. Transportation and communication advances brought forth the shifting away from trade crafts to commercial enterprises through the advances of the steam engine and machine power. With the modernization of the workforce came the shift of trade peoples to common laborers known as the proletariats. This technological and intellectual enlightenment would fuel the necessary boom of capitalism to soon create a worldwide interconnected market of goods and services responsible for the monumental advances in the human condition worldwide.
According to Marx, “The bourgeois, wherever it has gotten the upper hand… has set up that single, unconscionable freedom – free trade” (Lawall 1383). In his mind, capitalism implements its power through veiled religious and political illusions; dishonoring such occupations as physicians, lawyers, poets, priests and transforming workers into commodities. To Marx, this marked the demise of mankind into capitalism before he believed the glorious birth of global communism would be achieved.
The fallacious argument against capitalism and the bourgeois is that they cannot survive without constantly improving and expanding their enterprises. Of the many evils of this class which is unfit to lead society, according to Marx, is its spread throughout the world in search of further profits through expansion. This global spread spans as far as to interject itself into undeveloped barbaric colonies, forcing them to modernize and become industrialized. This strengthening of the urban conglomerate and burdening rural states with dependency on industry has concentrated property into the hands of few. Thus goes their retort with no acknowledgment of the phenomenon which occurs as a result of capitalism; the uplifting of all classes of society economically and socially with vastly improved infrastructure, commerce, consumer products, and quality of life wherever opportunity for economic growth exists.
It is believed that modernization has warped the content toiling craftsman into a commodity of labor for the industrialists. With widespread business networks within a free trade market there now exists fluctuation of market resources, including labor. Competition has become widespread and crushes any hope for lifetime job security as a mono-skilled craftsman toiling away aimlessly. Instead workers must now compete with other workers for unskilled labor jobs and supervisory positions. Even more unfair is their entrapment between sectors of capitalism. No sooner does the laborer find work for a pittance then he is exploited by the landlords, shopkeepers and pawnbrokers. Proponents of a radically dissimilar infrastructure see capitalism as an evil but even more so see personal success as unfair if it is not guaranteed for all.
Reality as evident by history is that all of these characteristics of capitalism actually grow society, grow personal independence, and create the conditions for a prosperous society. Capitalism alone will never be enough; there must also be a strong rule of the people in the form of free representation along with a constitution based on unalienable rights founded in solid authority of their creator rather than a government. This was the case when the founders of our incomparable constitution modeled the United States Constitution and laws after a Hebrew leader named Moses and the books that were written by God through him to form some of the first books in the Bible.
Capitalism under these conditions spawned the most flourishing and truly free nation the world has ever known. The purest form of capitalism, American capitalism, represents what no other system of economic governance has or ever will. The nations of the world in which capitalism is permitted to exist provide the highest level of economic opportunity and prosperity over any other system. By measure of gross domestic product (GDP) the United States has been ranked number one since the end of WW2 according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) followed by quasi-capitalist European Union states. Even communist China with heritage of genocidal Mao Tse-Tung responsible for the deaths of millions after World War II has incorporated capitalism into their society. Recently, a report by the IMF projects China will overtake the United States as the world’s economic superpower by 2016 as America further dilutes her free economic policies and condemns businesses with the highest corporate taxes in the world.
Back in Europe, the broadening in number of the working class has broadened the power of the working class. As the proletariat grow in masses they become stronger, bolder, and able to challenge the so-called overbearing bourgeoisie. Although as the revolutions in the 1820’s-40’s failed, there can be no revolution by the people without organization and help. Thereupon trade unions developed in order to concentrate their power for the occasional revolt or revolution. On occasion the unions are successful in their efforts and win temporary victories but “The real fruit of their battles lies, not in the immediate result, but in the ever expanding union of the workers” calculates Marx (Lawall 1388). This sort of massive global coordination among labor parties and unions will become possible in the coming twentieth century.
Unions are useful entities when the time comes, according to Marx, the “decisive hour” when the power of the proletariat is so immense as to force a section of the ruling class to succumb to unions and to join or be devoured in violent revolution. The class that holds the power to destroy the system and cripple capitalism is the working class, the unions. The capitalists must be overthrown: “[capitalism] is unfit to rule because it is incompetent to assure an existence to its slave within slavery, because it cannot help letting him sink into such a state, that he has to feed him instead of being fed by him… its existence is no longer compatible with society” (Lawall 1390). The words echo and reverberate back in the form of the modern day unions which embody the modern plight of the working class demanding eternally more power and privileges. Distinguished from nineteenth century workers, modern day workers are merely pawns to be used by the real forces behind the unions to achieve their political ends.
There continues however, not only proponents of Marx’s philosophy represented by political parties, unions, special interest groups, influential governmental and institutional individuals but also entire nations. Many of these nations adopted various forms of socialism which Marx and Engels viewed as transitioning tools or into communism. These governments create strong centralized power as a control mechanism over the people by making the masses totally reliant on the government for their survival. Social programs such as welfare, social security, food stamps and other handouts encourage people to stay sedentary and have dependence on others, mainly their government. Some of the people advocating these policies use them as a means to their political Marxist ends and have successfully co-opted and distorted well know moral truths that satisfy their motives; such as the Christian teachings of generosity and charity as a justification. A frightening reality is that some of the proponents of these social programs are actively sowing the seeds for revolution at the present time.
The idea of socialized dependence was viewed by Marx and Engels as fair and the highest form of government and actively displayed their advocacy for even more extreme measures of social rule. In a government system where not even individual property exists, the standardized government allowances of healthcare, income, food and education are supreme as they believe is the case in communism. Beyond the life of Marx there has been widespread adoption of some of his thoughts on social standards. Even capitalistic nations such as the United States have enacted systems of vastly overused social welfare. Stepping stone to communism or government safety net; social welfare policies of this magnitude at their best retard personal responsibility but at their worst are yet another piece in the jigsaw puzzle of creating the conditions for a global revolution. When the conditions are ripe for world revolution there will have been made a perfect storm of conditions on many different levels; the unknown is who will win in the aftermath.
Evidence for the desire of some to fulfill Marx’s dream of global communism has not been a dream held solely by communists and progressives. Variations of this idea of global control and singularity are held by the top government officials of Iran; Ayatollah Khamenei the supreme Islamic leader of Iran as well as President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Particularly, the Shiite Muslims like the heads of Iran desire to bring about world revolutions and chaos including annihilating the people of Israel and America in order to establish a global Islamic Caliphate or theocratic dictatorship. Whereas their ideology is of the minority Shiite sect of so called Twelver’s, believing they must create worldwide chaos in order for their messiah to appear, they hold the common desire of the destruction of the West as they see it and an end to capitalism.
At the United Nations in New York on September 21st, 2010 President Ahmahinejad told the world “It is my firm belief that in the new millennium, we need to revert to the divine mindset…based on the justice-seeking nature of mankind and on the monotheistic world view…” also calling capitalism “undemocratic and unjust” he proclaimed the impending defeat of capitalism
The seeds of revolution began to be sown in Iran in 1935 as the leadership sympathetic to Hitler actively embraced Aryan supremacy, thus the name change to Iran which means Aryan in Farsi. The radical Muslim governments of this and other regional Islamic countries embrace a global conglomerate of a single world power although they desire themselves to be the arbiter of such control. Nevertheless, they have joined forces with secular interests in order to fulfill what they believe to be divine prophecy of global communism under Islamic law.
Two of these groups, social progressives and radial Muslims, have joined together in a reportedly red-green alliance according to the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs (JCPA). The report identifies “The red-green alliance is a combo of anti-capitalist, anti-imperialist, anti-war, anti-Israel and is Muslim-brotherhood endorsed.” The report also uncovers “Alliances between white unions and Asian Unions unite against a common enemy: the capitalist-imperialist United States and Israel. They (leftists and militant Islamists) united at the Cairo Conferences 2002-2007” (JCPA 11). These unholy alliances seek ultimately the same goal: the destruction of capitalism, America, Israel and the formation of a new world order. Where they differ is in the details of what that new world order would be. Furthermore, Andrew Murray, national chair of the Stop the War Coalition (StWC) and director of campaigns for the Transport and General Workers Union (TGWU), wrote an article titled “We need a new alliance: Muslims and the left in Britain have much to celebrate together.” Closer to home The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (ALF-CIO) has openly supported the Middle East revolutions.
Radical progressive elements are feverishly working in the west as well. Another of the greatest threats to capitalism is found in a man familiar with fermenting revolutions, George Soros, billionaire philanthropist and promoter of an “open society”. One of the several revolutions he is credited with inciting was in 2003. Soros successfully witnessed the fruits of the foundations he funded in Georgia when his multi-billion dollar investments on the ground succeeded in the overthrow of the government opposing his views. In a 2004 interview he stated “Open society is in danger by our current leadership in this country. That is when I focus my attention on the United States.” While speaking to students at the Central European University he stated “There is a deep seeded conflict between capitalism and open society”. Soros also routinely cites Karl Marx’s philosophies and in his own words utilizes Marx’s strategies to accomplish his goal of one world order, or open society as he calls it.
George Soros is also working with radical Muslim extremists in one of the many so-called non-governmental organizations he supports called the International Crisis Group (ICG). The ICG’s stated mission is to prevent conflict worldwide through their various networks. Among members of the board of trustees with Soros is Mohammad ElBaradei. ElBaradei is the former International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) director general and ran the agency during a critical time of Iran’s nuclear development. While director general he actively defended Iran’s nuclear program giving them time to build up their program behind closed doors. ElBaradei has also been officially backed by the Muslim Brotherhood in the Egyptian uprisings of 2011. The official motto of the Muslim Brotherhood is “Allah is our objective, the prophet is our leader, Qur’an is our law, jihad is our way, dying in the way of Allah is our highest hope”. The recent elections in Egypt have since secured majority parliamentary rule of the Muslim Brotherhood and have paved the way for them to occupy the presidency as well.
Soros is quoted as saying “The collapse of the global marketplace would be a traumatic event with unimaginable consequences. Yet I find it easier to imagine than the continuation of the present regime [of capitalism]”. The fact is that Soros along with those in the radical Muslim and radical progressive camps are the modern day revolutionists from the nineteenth century. No longer is there a true proletariat desiring revolution, instead they have been unwittingly tied into something they can’t even begin to imagine by some major political and economic players. Dose the phrase ‘useful idiot’ come to mind when seeing the Occupy Protesters? Time will tell how quickly this global revolution’s ignition switch can be flipped but one thing’s for sure; the overthrow of capitalism surly couldn’t have happened until it became so widespread across the globe that the only further progression possible is to make it unified under one currency, one government and one world order. An open society, a global Islamic caliphate or a New World Order, take your pick.
Most alarming is that the once bastion of freedom that is America has rapidly and ever increasingly being transformed from the inside. Although the internal destruction of America has been a long time in coming, the past three years alone has been at least as equally destructive. Since 2009 we have witnessed the forfeiture of our exceptionalism in the form of a president apologizing for America, bowing to other world leaders and implementing policies destructive to our constitution and liberty. At this time we have a commander in chief whose own world view is one starkly in contradiction to the fabric of our nation. A president who is fermenting internal strife and class warfare with all but openly endorsing the Occupy Wall Street movement and flaming the racial fires with such comments as on the Zimmerman-Trayvon shooting in Florida. Whether it is divide and conquer or bottom-up top-down revolution, we are on a path into uncharted territory on the level Marx could only dream of.